What are the symptoms of COVID-19? The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. To learn more, visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/symptoms.html.
How is COVID-19 spread? Current understanding about how the virus that causes coronavirus (COVID-19) spread is largely based on what is known about similar coronaviruses. COVID-19 is a new disease and there is more to learn about how it spreads, the severity of illness it causes, and to what extent it may spread in the United States. COVID-19 is spread via person to person contact. Current studies indicate that it is likely spread via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can land on a surface be further spread by an uninfected person coming into contact it and then touching their own mouth, nose or eyes. A person is believed to be most contagious while they are symptomatic, but some may spread it before a person presents symptoms.
How long is the incubation period for COVID-19? The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days.
How easily is the virus spread? The virus appears to be spreading easily and sustainably in the community in some affected geographic areas.
What treatments are available? There are no current treatments specific to COVID-19. The best way to combat the virus is by treating the symptoms and supporting the body to fight it off itself. Antibiotics do not work on viruses (such as COVID-19); they only work on bacterial infections. There is no vaccine available or specific antiviral medication that is effective at treating the corona virus as of today.
How likely am I to catch COVID-19? The risk depends on where you live or where you have travelled recently. The risk of infection is higher in areas where a number people have been diagnosed with COVID-19. More than 95% of all COVID-19 cases are occurring in China, with the majority of those in Hubei Province. For people in most other parts of the world, your risk of getting COVID-19 is currently low; however, it’s important to be aware of the situation and preparedness efforts in your area.
Should I wear a mask to protect myself? People with no respiratory symptoms, such as cough, do not need to wear a medical mask. The CDC recommends the use of masks for people who have symptoms of COVID-19 (cough and fever) and for those caring for individuals who have symptoms, such as cough and fever. The use of masks is crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone (at home or in a health care facility).
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